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Solution of Chhaupadi Pratha in Nepal

February 9, 2024
Solution of Chhaupadi Pratha

Despite increasing awareness and the criminalization of chhaupadi pratha in Nepal, the centuries-old tradition of banishing menstruating women and girls to rudimentary huts persists, particularly in remote areas. This deeply harmful practice perpetuates cycles of shame, disempowerment, and physical danger. Eradicating chhaupadi requires a comprehensive understanding of the challenges and targeted solutions on multiple levels.

The Roots of Stigma: Dismantling Misconceptions

Myths and taboos surrounding menstruation are entrenched in Nepali society. Many communities believe that a menstruating woman is impure and can bring misfortune, contaminate crops, and food, or even cause illness. To break down this stigma, large-scale educational campaigns designed for a variety of audiences are essential:

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  • Targeted Outreach: Sensitization programs tailored to girls, boys, men, women, community elders, and religious leaders using culturally appropriate methods are essential to dispel harmful beliefs and replace them with science-based understanding.
  • Engaging with Schools: School-based education on puberty, menstruation, and reproductive health rights empowers girls with knowledge and helps foster gender equality from a young age.

Beyond Legislation: Legal Enforcement and Community Ownership

Nepal’s landmark criminalization of chhaupadi in 2017 was a step forward, but enforcement challenges underscore the need for a stronger support framework :

  • Enforcement and Accountability: Authorities need sufficient resources and training to investigate violations and prosecute offenders. This sends a message that chhaupadi will not be tolerated.
  • Local Grassroots Efforts: Collaborating with local governments and women’s rights groups is crucial. They can create community-level bylaws, develop monitoring systems, and hold violators accountable.
  • Incentivizing Change: Linking government services or development projects with a community’s successful abandonment of chhaupadi can be a positive motivator.

Practical Solutions: Dignity and Hygiene at the Core

Providing safe alternatives to chhaupadi sheds is critical to protect women and girls’ well-being:

  • Menstrual Hygiene Management: Ensuring access to affordable sanitary products, education on their use, and safe disposal facilities are fundamental.
  • Improving Infrastructure: Investments in clean water supplies, private toilets in homes and schools, and accessible washing facilities directly address the conditions that drive the practice of chhaupadi.
  • Creating Safe Spaces: Establishing designated rooms or community spaces where women can rest during menstruation ensures privacy and comfort.

Collective Action: Uniting Voices for Change

Ending chhaupadi necessitates a unified front, fostering collaborations and partnerships:

  • NGO Leadership: Non-governmental organizations are vital in implementing grassroots interventions, monitoring change, and advocating for policy improvements.
  • Women’s Empowerment: Supporting women’s groups and promoting female leadership strengthens their voices within communities and amplifies their role as changemakers.
  • Global Advocacy: International attention and spotlighting success stories generate crucial support and hold Nepalese authorities accountable.

The Long Road Ahead

While strides have been made, the deeply ingrained nature of chhaupadi means lasting change demands unwavering commitment. Investing in girls’ education, strengthening legal mechanisms, creating alternative sanitary solutions, and fostering supportive community attitudes are necessary for the day when every Nepali woman and girl can experience their periods with dignity and safety.


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